List of eponymous physical exam terms

Update: Oct 5th, 2010

Eponymous terms are those that are named after a person, usually a patient or doctor, sometimes from a different county.  Spelling of these eponymous physical examination terms is often not what you would expect, which makes searching them difficult.  I find myself referring to this list enough to include it in REFERENCEology.

Adson’s sign

Allen’s sign

Allen’s test

Angel’s sign

Apley grind test

Apley scratch test

Apley’s law

Archibald’s sign

Argyll Robertson pupils

Aschoff body

Auenbrugger’s sign

Auer rods

Auspitz’s sign

Austin Flint murmur


Babinski sign

Balance’s sign

Bárány test

Barlow’s maneuver

Battle’s sign

Beau’s lines

Beck’s triad

Becker’s sign

Beevor’s sign

Bergman’s triad

Berstein test

Berry’s sign

Bielschowsky’s tilt

Bing’s sign

Biot’s breathing or respiration

Bitot’s spots

Blount’s disease

Blumberg sign

Blumer shelf

Boas’s sign

Boerhaave’s syndrome

Bonnet’s sign

Boston sign

Bouchard’s nodes

Branham’s sign

Brudzinski sign

Brushfield spots

Buerger’s sign

Burnett’s syndrome

Cabrera’s sign

Carey Coombs murmur

Carnett’s test

Carvallo’s sign

Chaddock’s sign

Chadwick’s sign

Chapman’s sign

Charcot’s triad

Cheyne-Stokes breathing or respiration

Collier’s sign

Corrigan’s pulse

Courvoisier’s signal

Cruveihiler-Baumgarten bruit

Cullen’s sign

Cushing’s triad or syndrome 

Dahl’s sign

Darymple sign

Dance’s sign

Darier’s sign

Dawson’s fingers

De Musset’s sign

Dennie’s lines

Destot’s sign

Dix-Hallpike test

Dohle bodies

Doi’s sign

Dunphy sign

Duroziez’s sign 

Elschnig spots

Epstein’s pearls

Erienmeyer’s flask deformity

Ewart’s sign

Finkelstein’s Test

Forschimer spots

Fothergill’s sign

Fox’s sign

Frank’s sign

Friedreich’s sign

Froment’s sign

Gallavardin dissociation

Gandy-Gamma nodules

Gerhard’s sign

Goetz sign

Gond’s maneuver

Goodell’s sign

Goodsall’s rule

Gordon’s maneuver

Gottron’s papules

Gower’s maneuver

Gramham Steell murmur

Grey Turner’s sign

Griffith’s sign

Grotton’s lesions

Gunn’s sign

Hamman’s sign

Hampton’s hump

Hannington-Kiff sign

Harrison’s groove

Hatchcock’s sign

Heberden’s nodes

Hegar’s sign

Hess test

Hill’s sign

Hoffman’s sign

Hollenhorst plaques

Holmes-Adie syndrome

Homan’s sign

Hoovers sign

Howship-Romberg sign

Hutchinson freckle

Hutchinson pupil

Hutchinson’s sign

Hutchinson’s teeth

Janeway lesions

Jendrassik maneuver

Joffroy sign

John Thomas sign

Jolly test

Jones criteria

Kanavel’s sign

Kayser-Fleischer ring

Kehr’s sign

Kelly’s sign

Kerley lines A, B, C

Kernig sign

Koebner’s phenomenon

Koeppe’s nodules

Koplik’s spots

Korotkoff sounds

Kussmaul breathing or respiration

Kussmaul’s sign

Kveim-Siltzbach test

Lachman maneuver

Ladin’s sign

Lancisi’s sign

Lasegue’s sign

Leopold’s maneuver

Leser-Trelat sign

Levine’s sign

Lhermitte’s sign

Lisch nodules

Lisker’s sign

Litten’s sign

Louvel’s sign

Lowenberg’s sign 

Macewen’s sign

Marcus Gunn pupil

Marie’s sign

Markle sign

Mayne’s sign

McBurney’s sign

McConnell’s sign

McDonald’s sign

McMurray test

Means-Lerman scratch

Mees’s lines

Mentzer index

Miller-Fisher test

Möbius’s sign

Muehrckle’s nails

Mulder’s sign

Müller’s maneuver

Müller’s sign

Murphy’s punch sign

Murphy’s sign

Myerson’s sign

Nardi test

Nelson’s syndrome

Nikolsky’s sign

Oppenheim’s sign

Ortolani’s sign

Osborn wave

Osler’s nodes

Osler’s sign 

Palla’s sign

Pastia’s sign

Patrick sign

Pemberton’s sign

Phalen’s maneuver

Piskacek’s sign

Plummer’s nail

Pratt’s sign

Queckenstedt’s maneuver

Quincke’s sign

Reynold’s pentad

Riesman’s sign

Riggler’s sign

Rinne test

Romana’s sign

Romberg test

Rosenbach’s sign

Roths spots

Rovsing’s sign

Rumpel-Leede sign

Rusell’s sign 

Salus’s sign

Schafer’s maneuver

Schamroth’s window test

Schilling test

Schirmer’s test

Schober test

Siegrist streaks

Sims-Huhner test

Sister Mary Joseph sign

Spurling’s test

Stellwag’s sign

Still’s murmur

Stransky’s sign

Stroop test

Strümpell’s sign

Susac syndrome

Terry’s nails

Thompson’s test

Tinel’s sign

Traube’s site or sign

Trendelenburg’s gait

Trendelenburg’s sign

Trousseau’s sign 

Uhthoff’s phenomenon

Unterberger’s stepping test

Valsalva manuever

Virchow-Robin spaces

Volkmann’s contracture

Von Braun-Fernwalds sign

Von Graefe sign

Wada test

Waddell’s signs

Watson’s water hammer pulse

Whipple’s triad

Wickham’s striae

Widal test

Winterbottom’s sign

Wolff-Parkinson-White triad

Wright’s maneuver

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